History & Geography
Situated near Palaia in the rolling hills of Valdera, Usiglian del Vescovo owes its name to the fact that it was the subject of a dispute which arose in the 11th century between the Bishops of Pisa and Lucca. Ownership of Palaia appertained to the latter, while his rival was assigned the fief of Usigliano. The castle of the same name, then part of an early medieval curtes (a cluster of dwellings and plots of land), dates back to that time. Over the centuries, Usigliano maintained its identity as a small agricultural hamlet with a population of around 200, and it is only in the past few decades that it has become depopulated. Today the estate extends over almost 160 hectares, of which 22 are planted with vines, and 10 with olive trees. Located in the centre of the estate is Villa Usigliano, the manor house from which the farms and houses on the property were administered, and from which the Usigliano vineyards take their name.